WASHINGTON - U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken will likely face another round of tough questioning from lawmakers over last month's withdrawal of American troops from Afghanistan when he appears Tuesday before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
During a five-hour appearance via videoconference before the House Foreign Affairs Committee Monday, Blinken staunchly defended the Biden administration's decision to withdraw from Afghanistan after 20 years, never wavering in the face of harsh and angry questioning from some lawmakers.
The nation's top diplomat told the panel that had U.S. President Joe Biden decided to extend the war, it "would have required sending substantially more U.S. forces into Afghanistan to defend ourselves and prevent a Taliban takeover, taking casualties - and with at best the prospect of restoring a stalemate and remaining stuck in Afghanistan, under fire, indefinitely."
"There's no evidence that staying longer would have made the Afghan security forces or the Afghan government any more resilient or self-sustaining," he said. "If 20 years and hundreds of billions of dollars in support, equipment, and training did not suffice, why would another year, or five, or 10, make a difference?"
Taliban insurgents took over the country in mid-August as Afghan President Ashraf Ghani fled to exile in the United Arab Emirates. The United States evacuated 124,000 people, most of them Afghans, along with about 5,500 Americans, from the Kabul airport in the last days of August, leaving behind about 100 Americans.
Some Americans have subsequently been able to leave the country, through overland exits or on a handful of flights, with the Taliban's acquiescence. But Blinken said that as of the end of last week, about 100 Americans still remain.
Blinken said U.S. officials did not foresee the downfall of the Afghan government so quickly, even as the Taliban advanced throughout the country.
"Even the most pessimistic assessments did not predict that government forces in Kabul would collapse while U.S. forces remained," he said.
Even though the main evacuation has ended, the top U.S. diplomat said, "We're continuing our relentless efforts to help any remaining Americans, as well as Afghans and citizens of allied and partner nations, leave Afghanistan if they choose."
"As we've done throughout our history, Americans are now welcoming families from Afghanistan into our communities and helping them resettle as they start their new lives," Blinken said. "That's something to be proud of, too."
Opposition Republican lawmakers and some Democratic colleagues of Biden have criticized the president's handling of the withdrawal of troops, American citizens and thousands of Afghans who worked for U.S. forces as interpreters and advisers during the war.
The House committee chairman, Congressman Gregory Meeks of New York, said, "Disengaging from Afghanistan was never going to be easy."
But he added, "This war should have ended 19 years ago," after the United States successfully ousted the Taliban from power then and overran training grounds for al-Qaida terrorists who attacked the U.S. in 2001, killing nearly 3,000 people.
Congressman Michael McCaul of Texas, the House panel's lead Republican, characterized the U.S. withdrawal from Afghanistan "an unmitigated disaster of epic proportions" and "a betrayal" and noted that many interim officials now controlling Afghanistan were once terrorists the United States held at its Guantanamo Bay detention center in Cuba.
Republican Congressman Steve Chabot of Ohio said Afghanistan was "once again a haven for terrorists."
"Yes, the majority of Americans wanted to leave Afghanistan, but not like this," Chabot said, adding that the administration's actions were "a disgrace."
South Carolina's Joe Wilson was one of a handful of Republicans who demanded Blinken's resignation. Another Republican member of the panel, Florida's Bryan Mast, even went so far as to accuse Blinken of lying when he alleged the administration had manipulated intelligence, which Blinken strongly denied.
One Democratic congressman, Brad Sherman of California, cast blame on former President Donald Trump for agreeing last year to a May 1, 2021, deadline for ending U.S. military involvement in Afghanistan without sufficient planning. Sherman asked Blinken whether the previous U.S. administration left details about how to carry out the withdrawal.
"We inherited a deadline," Blinken replied. "We did not inherit a plan" for a withdrawal.
Republican Congressman Adam Kinzinger of Illinois placed the blame for the chaotic withdrawal on both Trump and Biden. "The Trump administration failed in the setup and the Biden administration failed in the execution," Kinzinger said.
The criticism of Biden's withdrawal was especially pronounced after 13 U.S. service members died in a suicide bomb attack at the Kabul airport in the waning days of the exit. Islamic State-Khorasan, an Afghan offshoot of the terrorist group operating in the Middle East, claimed responsibility.
National polls of U.S. voters show wide support for Biden's decision to end what he has called a "forever war" in Afghanistan, but not the way the withdrawal unfolded.
Over the two days of testimony, Blinken is likely to be asked why the United States did not start evacuating American citizens sooner, especially since Biden announced his intention in April to honor Trump's agreement with the Taliban to end the war and withdraw American forces.
Lawmakers have also taken aim at U.S. intelligence-gathering for failing to forecast the rapid takeover by the Taliban and the collapse of the Afghan government.
Republicans say they want to focus their questioning on Biden's performance in the final weeks and days of the war, while Democrats are hoping to examine the whole of the American war effort that was conducted under four presidents - Republicans George W. Bush and Trump, and Democrats Barack Obama and Biden.
Bush launched the war in late 2001 to eradicate al-Qaida terrorist training grounds where the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks against the United States were spawned, with al-Qaida terrorists commandeering U.S. passenger airliners to crash into New York skyscrapers and the Pentagon outside Washington. The 20th anniversary of the attacks was commemorated last Saturday.
Biden has called the withdrawal an "extraordinary success" and defended the decision to end the war in Afghanistan, saying he would not pass on responsibility for managing U.S. military involvement there to a fifth U.S. leader.
Some information for this report came from the Associated Press.